# Cost Estimate to

Build the City

The cost to build the City is the same as what is spent on the chronic homeless over 8 months.

## Overview

These conceptual estimates are calculated a variety of ways: using comparables of previous projects (a.k.a. analogous estimates), using various online resources to obtain historical cost data (a.k.a. parametric estimates), and in some cases, compiling data from various sources to create an educated guesstimate.

The best efforts were made to achieve accurate cost estimates for each item; however, two additional estimates are included as well. These are either simple multipliers based on Cost Estimate A; or have modifications in the price, which are detailed upon hovering over the cost number.

The following have been roughly calculated and included in a catch-all category. These items either lack available details for calculations or require more significant experience in estimations:

- Infrastructure
- Furniture, desks, office supplies, security equipment, vehicles
- Train tracks

- Factory equipment
- Vehicles
- Land
- and more

Things to keep in mind when reviewing the estimates:

- These costs are not exact and are intended only as a preliminary guide for possible project cost. The actual project cost may vary greatly depending on many factors.
- Cost estimates are based on pricing and comps with 2019 dollars, and no adjustments for the cost of inflation have been made.
- Although potential plots of land have been identified, along with “for sale” pricing and comparables, land cost is not included in this overall estimate.
- Unless otherwise noted, all price per square feet is obtained from BuildingJournal.com construction estimating tool.

- Numbers are rounded up when needed.
- Click the + Cost Basis to expand for details on how pricing and capacities were calculated.
- _ _ _ Means Link
- Citizens Again does not make any warranty or guarantee as to the accuracy, correctness, value, sufficiency or completeness of the data or resulting project cost estimates; nor, in any guarantees, all buildings, structures, or amenities will be built to the listed specifications, or at all.

Cost estimates have one of three visual indicators to identify cost accuracy:

✓ **Accurate Estimate**: Price estimate was obtained by finding similar completed projects posted online, or from companies that provide posted rates for projects.

✓ **Close Estimate**: Pricing obtained by using online estimating tools that average project costs by pulling averages of materials and labor costs, according to specific geographical regions.

**(No indicator)**: No indicator is used if no reliable pricing was found. Pricing was still calculated by analyzing comparables to similar projects, cost and sizing of materials, etc.

## Cost Estimates (v 1.0)

The following is the first conceptual estimate to begin the process of the initial feasibility process of the project, all based in 2019 rates.

Facility | Quantity | Total Sq. Footage | Cost Estimate A |
Cost Estimate B |
Cost Estimate C |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Residential | |||||

Dorm Buildings Residents live in the dorms, which consist of sleeping rooms, and communal showers and bathrooms. There will be 16 dorm buildings, each consisting of 16 floors each, 5 wings per floor, and 40 rooms per wing. That equates to 3,200 rooms per building (40 rooms x 5 wings x 16 floors). Cost Basis After detailed review and calculations from preliminary dorm building plans, it's estimated that each floor (including 5 wings per floor, plus the middle round area which contains elevators and stairs), will be 26,711 sq ft. With 16 floors, that equates to 427,376 sq ft per building. 16 buildings = 6,838,000 sq ft total. BuildingJournal.com puts 8-24 story apartment buildings with this sq footage at $90 sq ft; and 11-20 story office buildings, at $135 sq ft. (which is 50% more than apartments). So estimate A will be $90 sq ft; B will be a 1.3x multiplier of A; and C will be $135 sq ft. |
16 | 6,838,000 sf ✓ (427,000 sf each) |
$615.4M ✓ | $800M (1.3x) | $923.1M (1.5x) |

Cafeteria & Services | |||||

Cafeterias Each of the 4 neighborhoods will have their own cafeteria and kitchen. Each building will be 3 stories, consisting of a kitchen basement, first-floor serving and seating, and top floor open space. Cost Basis With such a large population, staggered dining shifts will be assigned to citizens. To figure out needed seating, square footage, and building cost, a variety of research and intertwined calculations are performed. First of what's needed is to estimate the time per table seat. School Nutrition Association summarized three studies sponsored by the National Food Service Management Institute (NFSMI) to measure the average time required by K-12 students to consume lunch in school cafeterias. The report concluded that the average time for high-school students to consume lunch (eating at the table) was between 7 and 10 minutes, and non-eating activities at the table ranged from 3 to 26 minutes. Considering the stated factors in this report in relation to this project, it's estimated the social time at the table to be approximately 5 minutes. This brings the time at the table (eating and non-eating) to 12 – 15 minutes. So to estimate cafeteria size, the 15-minute range will be used. Next is to calculate the number of required seats per each cafeteria. A 12' table can seat 12 people (6 per side). In the mockup images, the cafeteria has two 12' tables end to end (so this table unit is 24' long, and can sit 24 people), with 5' walking paths. The mockup has 15 rows by 4 columns of table units (24' table that sits 24 people)… so that's a total of 15 rows x 4 columns of table units that sits 24 people = 15 x 4 x 24 = 1,440 seats. Then to estimate the duration of the meal period, assume a maximum population of 150,000 people, 4 hours of staggered assigned meal slots (citizens are assigned which time to arrive for their meal) per meal period (breakfast, lunch, dinner) in 4 cafeteria buildings (1 in each neighborhood), each with 2 rooms for serving and seating (a left side cafeteria and right side), with at least 10 serving stations in each room, with 1,440 seats in each left/right cafeteria. That would equate to a possible 179,200 meals served per meal period. Sack lunches would be made available for citizens working in industry jobs. Also, office and industry jobs may have their own cafeterias for workers as well. The kitchen will be in the basement and food will be brought up through dumbwaiters to the serving stations. The building's top floor will have same square footage as below, and will be a place for citizens to lounge, play board games, bingo, read, socialize, etc. In addition, the full-service laundry facilities will be located in the basement level of each cafeteria building. With those numbers, the building square footage can be calculated. The square footage for each table unit is 24' long x 38" wide (including seat area), plus the walking area perimeter of 2.5' (this creates a 5' walking perimeter around all table units) so that's 26.5' x 5.7' = 151 sq ft per table unit x 60 table units = 9,060 sq ft. If half the cafeteria footprint is set for seating, and the other half is for serving stations, waiting in line, restrooms, hand washing stations, bus stations, etc., then that equates to a cafeteria footprint of 18,120 sq ft. x 2 sides = 36,240 sq ft. This equates to a total of 72,480 sq ft for each 4-level cafeteria in the 4 neighborhoods. For price estimates, Buildingjournal.com didn't have Cafeteria option, so Restaurant was chosen; with price per square foot at $157, resulting in $8.5M (includes the 2 levels of cafeteria and basement kitchen). In addition, there will be a top floor with the same square footage, for citizens to lounge, play board games, bingo, read, socialize, etc. Price per square foot will be estimated at $100 per sq ft, that's $1.8M additional. This equates to a total of $10.3M for each cafeteria building. |
4 | 290,000 sf✓ (72,480 sf each) |
$41.2M ✓ ($10.3M each) |
$53.6M (1.3x) | $61.8M (1.5x) |

Citizen Services Various services to assist citizens with issues they have while living in the city and for preparing to leave the city. Cost Basis Assuming it's a 2 story building, with a 43,500 sq ft footprint, that equates to 87,000 sq ft, and at $91 sq ft (Office 1-3 Story rate from BuildingJournal.com, that adds up to $8M per building. |
2 | 174,000 sf (87,000 sf each) |
$16M ✓ ($8M each) |
$20.8M (1.3x) | $24M (1.5x) |

Healthcare & Education | |||||

Hospital Fully-equipped, 3 story 285 bed Narayana Health/HCCI style hospital. Cost Basis Assuming a maximum city population of 150,000, and using California's average number of 1.9 hospital beds per 1,000 people, equates to a hospital with 285 beds. To estimate the hospital building gross square feet (BGSF) per bed, the hospital would be modeled after the Healthcare City Cayman Islands (HCCI) which is owned, designed, and built by Narayana Health. HCCI BGSF is 1,029, but is single story; so an additional 15% of square feet would be added because of extra footage for multistory, totaling 1,183 BGSF. This is not much different than US community hospitals built 30 years ago, which were as low as 1,300 BGSF (new hospitals today are as much as 2,800 BGSF per bed). With 285 beds multiplied by 1,183 sq ft equates to 337,155 sq ft. Using hospital construction costs of $590 per square foot , equates to a total of $199M. Learn more from Harvard Business Review and Commonwealth Fund about how US hospitals have become so much more expensive, and how Narayana Health achieves high-quality hospital care, at a lower price (95% cheaper than US prices). |
1 | 337,155 sf ✓ | $199.5M ✓ | $238.7M (1.2x) | $259.4M (1.3x) |

Health Services The Health Services Buildings comprises of various healthcare providers, including medical offices (exams and ailments), optometry (eye tests, eye health, receive glasses), orthodontists (all dental care, including exams, teeth cleaning, root canals, fillings, and more), mental health & therapy (psychiatrists, therapists, family and group therapy), and personal care services (barbershop, hair salon, nails, and more). Cost Basis Each healthcare category will have its own floor, for a total of 5 floors dedicated to healthcare services. In addition, the building will have a floor dedicated to personnel, for cafeteria, lounge, restrooms, etc.; and another floor for medical labs, materials storage, etc. Building will have a 43,500 sq ft footprint, so 7 floors equates to a total of 304,500 sq ft. Price per square foot is estimated using Medical Office median average, is $104, and to simply, this will be used for entire building. |
2 | 609,000 sf (304,500 sf each) |
$63.4M ✓ ($31.7M each) |
$82.4M (1.3x) | $95.1M (1.5x) |

Education Building Staff in the Educational Building will offer educational services, training, and classes on a variety of topics ranging from GED certificate programs, arts & crafts programs, music classes, industry-specific job-training classes, and more. Cost Basis To estimate the size of the building, a variety of assumptions have been made. If the building is open 7 days per week, and open from 9 am to 9 pm, that provides 84 hours per week it's open. According to School Planning & Management, the median high school provides 180 square feet per student. In other words, while in the building, a single student consumes 180 square ft while in the building. Assuming on average a citizen may use the Educational Building 3 times a week, on average of 3 hours each time, that's a total of 9 hours out of the available 84 usable hours of the building; this equates to 9.34 students will use a single block of 180 square ft in a week's time. So if the Educational Building is 1 story, and has a footprint of 87,000 sq ft, then if we divide that by 180 square ft, it equates to a maximum of 483 students in the building at one time. So if there is a 9.34 cycle of students during the week, that equates to 4,511 students for a single floor. If the city has a 100,000 population, and it's estimated that 25% may want to use educational services during the week, that equates to 25,000 students per week. With 2 Educational Buildings in the city, that means the building should accommodate 12,500 people in a given week. So dividing the need of 12,500 by 4,511 students per single floor = 2.77 floors. Let's round up to 4 floors, as population might be higher, and to ensure enough room for classes. To accommodate large audience, venues in the city such as Event Venue, Stadium (which can be subdivided), or in outdoor space in parks will also be used. So a building with 4 floors with 87,000 sq ft per floor will be a total of 348,000 sq ft. Two buildings will be a total of 696,000 sq ft. Using BuildingJournal.com's College Classroom rate of $114 per square foot, equates to $38.6M per building. |
2 | 696,000 sf ✓ (348,000 sf each) |
$77.2M ✓ (38.6M each) |
$100.4M (1.3x) | $115.8M (1.5x) |

Entertainment | |||||

Entertainment Hall Each neighborhood has its own 4-story entertainment hall with a 1 acre footprint. Floors have specific purposes: arcade, TV pods, social area, and quiet floor. Cost Basis Cost estimate consists of building (based on initial $100 sf estimate), arcade games (200 games each building @ avg $4k each); furniture (estimate seating for 8k people, at avg $500/seat); and guessing $2M for TV pods. |
4 | 696,960 sf ✓ (174,240 sf each) |
$96M ✓ ($24M each) |
$124.8M (1.3x) | $144M (1.5x) |

Carnival 4 Acres of attractions, mild amusement rides, games, events, and entertainment. Approximately $5million. |
1 | 4 Acres | $5M | $6.5M (1.3x) | $7.5M (1.5x) |

Stadium 50,000 seat stadium for large-scale events such as concerts, lectures, sporting events, and more. Cost Basis This is a very wide estimate, but assuming a rate of $3,500 per seat, for 50,000 seat stadium. This is not an amenity rich, NFL-level stadium. Cost Estimate C includes fixed roof. |
1 | Stadium | $175M ✓ | $210M (1.2x) | $245M
$210M (1.2x) + Fixed Roof ($35M)
^{+} |

Event Venue 3,500+ person capacity for special performances, concerts, lectures, religious services, and more where theatre seating and a large stage is needed. Cost Basis Modeling after similar interior space and dimensions of The Masonic in San Francisco, this space would have seating for 3,500 people, consuming approximately 74,000 square feet, and priced at an estimated $175 per square foot. |
1 | 74,000 sf ✓ | $13M ✓ | $15.6M (1.2x) | $19.5M (1.5x) |

Church 3,000+ seats for daily church services. Cost Basis Similar to the Event Venue, 43,500 sq ft footprint, priced at @ $99 sq ft. |
1 | 74,000 sf | $7.2M ✓ | $9.4M (1.3x) | $10.8M (1.5x) |

Movie Theatre 18 screens, with 4,200 total seats. Cost Basis Pricing based on Regal Cinemas Bridgeport Village Stadium 18. |
1 | 100,000 sf ✓ | $8.7M ✓ | $13M (1.5x) | $17.4M (2x) |

Museum Variety of permanent and traveling museum exhibits. Cost Basis Estimating museum size to be similar to San Francisco's Exploratorium, and using Museumplanner.org estimate cost @ $200 sq ft. |
1 | 75,000 sf ✓ | $15M ✓ | $22.5M (1.5x) | $30M (2x) |

Promenade District Similar to an Officers Club in the military, citizens that have reached a certain phase or willing to spend credits can enter this privileged area and enjoy specialty foods and restaurants, coffee shops, lounges, activities, and more. Cost Basis Estimating 20 shops, that can accommodate 200 people each, and assuming 15 sf per person, that would be 60,000 sq ft, @ $156 sf. |
1 | 60,000 sf ✓ | $9.3M ✓ | $12.1M (1.3x) | $14M (1.5x) |

Activities | |||||

Skatepark 1-acre skatepark complete with bowl, ground ramps, and numerous handrails, ledges, blocks, and more. Also, substantial seating and bleachers for spectators. Cost Basis Assuming at least 43,500 square feet of concrete, the Concrete Calculator estimates a cost of $161,000 in concrete and materials costs. For seating, if aluminum bleachers were placed along one side, 5 rows deep, that could provide for as much as 700 seats, for a total of about $39,000. For a total of about $200,000 |
1 | 1 Acre | $200,000 ✓ | $300,000 (1.5x) | $400,000 (2x) |

Fitness Club Indoor fitness club complete with basketball courts, weight room, and studio space for fitness classes. Cost Basis For each club, having a 1 acre footprint will be enough for 3 indoor full-sized basketball courts with bleacher seating which will take up about half the space. The rest of the space will be split between an exercise room with weight machines, and then studio rooms for fitness classes. |
4 | 174,500 sf (43,500 sf each) |
$19.6M ✓ ($4.9M each) |
$25.5M (1.3x) | $29.4M (1.5x) |

Aquatic Center Indoor aquatic center with multiple swimming pools, lazy river, lap pools, lounge areas, locker rooms, and some mild water attractions. Cost Basis Estimating about 250,000 square feet, which will allow maximum capacity of 5,000 at a time. The fixed roof provides all year, all hours' usability, but adds significantly to the price. Initial estimate is $250 sq ft. |
1 | 250,000 sf | $62.5M | $93.8M (1.5x) | $125M (2x) |

Bowling Alley 50 bowling lanes, and large spectator viewing area. Cost Basis Bowling industry typically recommends a population density of 2,000 people per lane. At 100k population average, that's 50 lanes. On average, it takes 1 person 15 minutes to play one game. At a maximum, that lane can cycle through 4 people per hour. Multiply that by 50 lanes = 200 people per hour x 16 hours (the number of hours it's open each day) = 3,200 people per day x 7 days = 22,400 people can bowl 1 game per week. For square footage, an existing 50 lane bowling alley was used for general sizing estimates, but will also have spectator seating. Average cost to build is $100k per lane, so that equates to $5M. |
1 | 43,500 sf ✓ | $5M ✓ | $6.5M (1.3x) | $7.5M (1.5x) |

Social Hall The 4 story Social Hall is a place for citizens to gather, socialize, and enjoy numerous venues for DJ music, live music, comedy, and other various acts, as well as socialize in a large area to talk, play cards or board games, read, and more. Cost Basis The building will be 4 stories with a 43,500 sq ft footprint. 3 levels will dedicated to entertainment venues, and one floor dedicated to an open space to socialize. If each entertainment floor averages 3 venues, that's 14,500 sq ft per venue. Assuming 75% of each space is usable space for citizens, which equates to 10,875 sq ft. Using the HotelPlanner.com space calculator and choosing the reception layout that estimates 1,088 people per venue, equating to 3,264 people per floor. If 3 floors have similar venues and usage, that adds up to 9,792 people. For the open space social floor, if the Banquet 6' option in the space calculator is used, that could be a maximum of 3,619 for that floor. In all, the entire building could hold over 13,000 citizens. Pricing this would use the Social Club per square foot of $165 for entire building. |
1 | 174,000 sf ✓ | $28.7M ✓ | $37.3M (1.3x) | $43M (1.5x) |

Outdoor Activities Complex Covered and uncovered areas for leisure sports and activities. Cost Basis Approximately 3 acres of area including a covered open-air arena and uncovered areas. Pricing uses Buildings Guide estimates for guidance. |
1 | 3 Acres | $1M ✓ | $1.3M (1.3x) | $1.5M (1.5x) |

Mini-Golf Two themed 18-hole outdoor mini-golf courses. Cost Basis Three and a half acres with mini-golf course themes and elements, including waterfalls, ponds, fountains, bridges, castles, shipwrecks, and much more. Walking trails and ample seating to stroll and watch games.
According to Miniature Golf Construction Co., elaborate 18-hole courses can cost around $500,000. |
2 | 3.5 Acres | $1M ✓ | $1.3M (1.3x) | $1.5M (1.5x) |

City Management | |||||

Fire & Security Stations Each side of the city will have its own combined Fire and Security Stations. Cost Basis According to Buildingjournal.com, building costs are about $182 per square foot for a fire station. This is inline with numerous online stated costs , such as for City of Sparks, Nevada which built a 8,000 sf building for about $175 per sf. Police station costs about $150 per sq ft. Price is based on assuming each building is 16,000 sf, and averages $162.5 per sf. |
2 | 32,000 sf (16,000 sf each) |
$5.2M ✓ | $6.8M (1.3x) | $7.8M (1.5x) |

Facilities & Stadium Storage Various warehouses to store street cleaners, park maintenance tools, equipment, supplies, stadium equipment, and more. Cost Basis According to Buildingsguide.com, an average commercial steel building costs between $16 and $20 per square foot. |
3 | 130,500 sf (43,500 sf each) |
$2.1M
$16 sf
^{+} ✓ |
$2.6M
$20 sf
^{+} ✓ |
$4.2M (2x) |

Administration Management offices for all aspects of city. In addition to offices, it also includes employee cafeteria, fitness center, lounge, park, etc. Cost Basis Estimate assumes approximately 900 office employees for the city's 100k population (based on averages of 17 large California cities residents per employee ratio). Square footage needed would be 200sq ft per person, as recommended by Officefinder.com. Per sq ft construction costs are calculated with JLL research, and Buildingjournal.com. Additional security systems and employee services could raise cost. |
1 | 180,000 sf | $17.8M ✓ | $35.6M (2x) | $53.4M (3x) |

Citizen Processing Assists citizens arriving into the city, as well as departing citizens, drug and alcohol rehab, and detention. The building will contain sleeping quarters, medical offices, classroom auditoriums, cafeteria, lounge and activity area. Cost Basis The building will be 4 stories with a 1 acre footprint, adjacent to a 1 acre park. First-floor will be for lounge, activity area, and cafeteria (@$106 sq ft); second floor will be for medial offices (1/3 of floor @ $115 sq ft) and education (2/3 of floor @ $136 sq ft); third floor for new citizen dorm rooms (@ $204 sf); fourth floor is for rehab and detention. |
1 | 174,000 sf | $27.9M ✓ | $36.4M (1.3x) | $41.2M (1.5x) |

Storage Lockers The city will securely store all citizen possessions on-site in storage lockers, available when/if citizens choose to leave the City. Cost Basis The facility will be 3 stories tall with double or triple stacking lockers on all levels. The building footprint will be approximately 112,500 required for 3 stories of lockers and walking paths, with an additional 5% for additional vehicle paths, etc., for a total estimated footprint of 118,000 square feet (with 3 stories, this gives approximately 337,500 sq ft for usable locker and pathway space). Using Warehouse pricing of $52 per square foot for the footprint, that equates to $6.1M. Add an additional $15 per square foot for 225,000 sq ft of space on the 2nd and 3rd level mezzanines, equating to $3.4M. And add $1.5M for lockers, to bring overall total to $11M. |
1 | 337,500 sf ✓ | $11M ✓ | $14.3M (1.3x) | $16.5M (1.5x) |

Employment for Citizens | |||||

Factories and Warehouses For storage and production of items to be used in the city, as well as external sales of items. Factories provide on-the-job training and employment for citizens. Cost Basis There are no specific plans for specific types of factories; these are simply guestimates at this time. For factories, if there were 9 two-acre single-story factories at a cost of $96.3 per sf, it will cost $8.4M each, for a total of $75.6M. For warehouses, if there were 9 two-acre single-story warehouses at a cost of $53 per sf, it will cost $4.6M each, for a total of $41.4M. The grand total would be $117M. |
18 | 1,566,000 sf (87,000 sf each) |
$117M ✓ | $152.1M (1.3x) | $175.5M (1.5x) |

Office Towers The city will have six 7-story office buildings where capable and willing citizens can perform outsourced work for other companies. Jobs will include call center and other back-office work. Cost Basis All buildings will have a 43,500 sq ft footprint/per floor, for a total of 304,500 sq ft per building. Each building will have an entire floor dedicated to a cafeteria, lounge, and other non-productive areas. Building size has been determined by the anticipated type of work and based on industry recommendations of spacing requirements of 125 square feet per person. Five buildings will have 6 floors of workers, which equates to 261,000 of office space per building. With a maximum occupancy, that could be as much as 2,088 people per building at a given time. One building will have one floor dedicated to a visitor center for citizens; resulting in that building having 5 floors of workers, which equates to 217,500 of office space. With a maximum occupancy, that could be as much as 1,740 people in that building at a given time. According to BuildingJournal.com, buildings of this size are priced at $92 per square foot, which equates to $28M per building. 6 buildings total $168M. |
6 | 1,827,000 sf (304,500 sf each) |
$168M ✓ | $218.4M (1.3x) | $252M (1.5x) |

Parks | |||||

Veterans Memorial 1-acre park honoring members of the U.S. armed forces. Park will have a large central fountain, various sculptures and memorial plaques, seating areas, plants and flowers. |
1 | 1 Acre | $1M | $1.1M (1.1x) | $1.2M (1.2x) |

Botanical Garden 4 acre outdoor botanical garden with meandering paths through a wide range of gardens and collections of attractive – yet extremely - hardy flowers and plants, sculptures, creek, and various garden elements. Cost Basis No general pricing for botanical gardens was found, so using landscaping pricing. According to CostOwl.com, more formal gardens featuring many of the elements for this task are priced between $15 to $25 per square foot. Although this project is much larger, economies of scale will bring pricing to the lower end, so going with $15 per square foot. |
1 | 4 Acres | $2.6M ✓ | $3.4M (1.3x) | $3.9M (1.5x) |

Dog Kennel and Park Housing and park for citizens' dogs they bring with them to the city. Cost Basis Estimating 5% of the chronic street homeless population (assume 100k people) have dogs and choose to bring them, then capacity for 5,000 dogs would be needed. Kennel requirements, according to Buildingsguide.com is approximately 67 sq ft for each dog sleeping area, and about $12 per square foot for build out. With 5,000 dogs, that equates to 335,000 sq ft., plus additional 43k indoor play space. The multi-story facility would be more similar to a warehouse, so $20 per sq ft would be more apt. And an additional $500k for outdoor play area with pond and park-like amenities. |
1 | 378,000 sf ✓ | $8M ✓ | $10M (1.2x) | $12M (1.5x) |

City Park Approximately 34-acre park complete with large central plaza with fountain and seating, lake, creeks, walking paths, outdoor stage, trees, plants, flowers, and more. Central Park also contains the Carnival and Conservatory of Flowers (both of which are priced separately). Cost Basis To calculate the costs, the City of Minneapolis published a detailed cost analysis of new park creation. The report was published in 2008, so all numbers for this calculation have been updated with the inflation rate of 18.1%. To calculate for lawns, first remove all non-lawn areas [Carnival (4 acres), Flower Conservatory (1 acre), lake (4 acres), plaza (1 acre), gardens (3 acres)] from the entire park size of 34 acres, which leaves 21 acres. Pricing the lawn, irrigation, etc., at $236,000 per acre equates to $5 million. Other items: Plaza, $1.2M; Lake, $1.8M; Stage, $600,000. |
1 | 34 Acres | $10.3M ✓ | $13.4M (1.3x) | $15.5M (1.5x) |

Office & Visitor Park 2-acre park exclusively for citizens working in the office towers, and visitors of citizens. Park consists of large outdoor patio eating area, as well as lush landscaping, walking paths, water features, and more. Cost Basis Using the general landscaping pricing from CostOwl.com of $20 per square foot, entire area equates to $1.7M. |
1 | 2 Acres | $1.7M ✓ | $2.2M (1.3x) | $2.6M (1.5x) |

Japanese Tea Gardens Tranquil and natural landscape with Japanese aesthetics, meandering paths, Zen rock gardens, ponds, bridges, buildings, waterfalls, and more. No accurate pricing available. |
1 | 3.5 Acres | $5M | $6.5M (1.3x) | $7.5M (1.5x) |

Neighborhood Parks Each neighborhood will have surrounding parks where residential buildings and cafeterias are located. Each neighborhood park will have plazas with large amounts of seating for socializing and waiting outside meal times, seating with game tables, trees, flowers, lawns, water fountains, statues, interactive elements, pathways, and bike parking. Each neighborhood will have similar, yet, unique elements. Each park is estimated to be about 6 acres each (not counting space occupied by dorm buildings and cafeteria). Cost Basis Using the general landscaping pricing from CostOwl.com of $20 per square foot, each 6 acre park equates to $5.2M. |
4 | 24 Acres (6 acres each) |
$20.8M ✓ ($5.2M each) | $27M (1.3x) | $31.2M (1.5x) |

Flower Conservatory Large greenhouse with plants and flowers from around the world. Twice as large as San Francisco's Conservatory of Flowers. No available pricing available; priced based on indoor arena. |
1 | 25,000 sf ✓ | $3.6M | $7.2M (2x) | $10.8M (3x) |

Miscellaneous | |||||

Hotel for Visitors The city will have an on-site hotel, outside of the city, and will offer complimentary stay for visiting family members and friends of the citizens; as well as complimentary lodging for all visiting entertainers for the city's venues, visiting athletes for the sports arena, and for traveling interviewees for open city positions. Cost Basis It's estimated to have a need for 400 rooms. Using calculations from Fixr.com, a 400 room hotel would equate to about 167,000 sq ft. With a 43,500 sq ft footprint, that would be about 4 stories. Using construction pricing from research report from Cushman & Wakefield, using data for Upper Midscale pay rate without land costs, puts the price per square foot at about $163, for a total cost of $27.2M. |
1 | 167,000 sf ✓ | $27.2M ✓ | $35.4M (1.3x) | $40.8M (1.5x) |

Parking Lot Approximately 3,000 parking spaces for staff and visitors are needed. They will be in close proximately to their worksite, such as Admin building, hospital, factories, etc. Parking spaces will be under the canopy of Solar panels (solar carports). These panels are priced separately under Solar Farm. Cost Basis Preliminary staffing calculations indicate the city could have as many as 3,500 on-site workers. Not taking into consideration of public transportation or carpooling, and based on assumptions of the number of staff during peak working hours, it's estimated about 2,700 parking spots would be needed. Adding an extra 300 spaces for visitors brings the estimate to 3,000 total parking spaces. Calculations indicate about 22.5 acres would be needed. Using on online concrete driveway calculator estimate a total cost estimate of $3.1M |
1 | 22.5 Acres | $3.1M ✓ | $4M (1.3x) | $4.7M (1.5x) |

Apartments On-site apartments will be provided for free or subsidized cost, for city interns and employees. The majority of occupants will be for therapists-in-training for their service hours. Cafeteria services may be provided. Cost Basis If apartments averaged 1,000 square feet (some will be 1 bedrooms for single occupants; some will be multiple bedrooms for families), with 300 apartments, priced at $76.80 per square foot according to BuildingJournal.com (that equates to $76,800 per apartment), that totals $23M. |
1 | 300,000 sf ✓ (300 units) |
$23M ✓ | $29.9M (1.3x) | $34.5M (1.5x) |

Visitor Center Since visitors are not allowed in the city, a large indoor space (approximately 21.500 sq ft) and outdoor space (2-acre outdoor park shared with the office buildings) are provided to allow citizens to see visiting family members and friends. The visitor center will be located in 1/2 of the bottom floor of one office building, so no additional costs here. |
1 | 21,700 sf | - | - | - |

Streets and Sidewalks Although the city will have very little motorized vehicle traffic, it is vital to give enough room for bicycles, emergency vehicles, possible mass transit vehicles, possible supply or maintenance vehicles, and large amounts of pedestrians walking to their destination. So it will have 2 lanes in each direction, and 30' wide sidewalks. Cost Basis If we used San Francisco's Market Street, next to Montgomery Street as a model to calculate the streets inside the city, we would have two lanes of traffic in each direction (each lane being a recommended 12' wide), and have 30' wide sidewalks on each side to provide ample walking space, the total street/sidewalk width would be 108' wide.
The streets in the factories, as well as outside the walls will not have sidewalks, so assume two roads in each direction with no sidewalks, for a total width of 48' wide.
Based on the current layout of the city, there are approximately 26,416 linear feet of roads within the city, and 15,184 on the city's close perimeter and for factories.
According to cement.org, a thickness of 6" would be appropriate for roads for this city's use. So calculating pricing for the city streets, with a street/sidewalk total width of 108' wide at 6" thick, that equates to 54 cubic linear feet across or 2 cubic yards per linear foot. If we assume concrete materials cost $90 per cubic yard that equates to $180 per linear foot for street/sidewalk combo. So with 26,416 linear feet, that's $4.8 million in materials cost
Outside city, road width would be 48' wide (4 lanes) at 6" thick that equates to 24 cubic linear feet across, or .89 cubic yards, that equates to about $80 per linear foot. So with 15,184 linear feet, that's $1.2 million.
If we assume materials are only 25% of the cost of the street ($6 million in concrete), then labor and other items would total $24 million, or $577 per linear foot for all 41,600 linear feet of streets and sidewalks in the city and perimeter. |
- | 41,600 LF | $24M
avg $577 per linear foot
^{+} ✓ |
$31.2 (1.3x) | $36 (1.5x) |

Wall & Fencing Wall around city, as well as fence around entire property. Cost Basis Based on current layout of the city, approximately 14,500 linear feet of wall would be needed around the city. This would probably be a reinforced concrete wall or concrete blocks, similar to sound walls used on highways. In addition, there would be a fence around entire property to secure solar panels, parking garages, factories, etc. For the 14,500 foot long city wall, if we can assume costs similar to California's Department of Transportation stated costs for sound walls of $450 per lineal foot it would total to about $6.6M. For fence around property, if the property was a total of 700 acres (approximately 30 acres by 23 acres), that would be a total of 22,200 feet of perimeter fencing needed. If we assume the fencing and installation is approximately $29 per linear foot that equates to about $643,000. Total costs for wall and fence would be $7.2M. |
- | 36,600 LF | $7.2M
$5.6M, City Wall
$507,500, Perimeter Fence ^{+} ✓ |
$9.4M (1.3x) | $10.8M (1.5x) |

Solar Farm A solar farm around the city will provide green energy for the city and preserve land for future expansion. Cost Basis With the current map layout, the city and factories currently consume 345 square acres. If a 3 acre perimeter around the city was added, that would equate to approximately 600 square acres. If space from parking, hotel, apartments, roads, as well as the entire city were deducted, that would equate to approximately 235 acres of open space. If 80% of the entire 235 acres were used for solar panels, that would be 188 acres, and estimating about 7 acres per megawatt, 188 acres could potentially produce 30 megawatts, which theoretically is enough energy for 6,000 households (its unknown the energy needs for the city, so this is just for informational purposes). Solar farms of this size cost about $1 million per 1 megawatt, so this installation would cost approximately $30 million. |
1 | 188 Acres ✓ | $30M ✓ | $33M (1.1x) | $39M (1.3x) |

Catch-all Since visitors are not allowed in the city, a large indoor space (approximately 21.500 sq ft) and outdoor space (2-acre outdoor park shared with the office buildings) are provided to allow citizens to see visiting family members and friends. The visitor center will be located in 1/2 of the bottom floor of one office building, so no additional costs here. |
- | - | $250M | $325M (1.3x) | $375M (1.5x) |

TOTAL | $2.2B | $2.9B | $3.4B |

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